But more recently, the high-profile 2010 hearings on Don't Ask, Don't Tell in the United States propelled the issue to the center of international attention.
They also shed light both on the routine discrimination, violence, and hardship faced by LGBT-identified soldiers, as well as arguments for and against a ban on their service.
And it puts pressure on their mental health.”In some cases military police would place people under surveillance or interrogate them.
If you were unlucky enough to get caught, the result was dire.“They gave people the choice – resign with an honourable discharge or be kicked out with a dishonourable discharge.”Buzz Feed News spoke to three people participating in the project who served before the 1992 ban was overturned.
Israel, for example, a country that otherwise struggles to implement LGBT-positive social policy, nevertheless has a military well known for its broad acceptance of openly gay soldiers.
History has seen societies that both embrace and shun openly gay service-members in the military.
Although there were isolated instances in which service personnel met with limited success through lawsuits, efforts to end the ban on openly gay, lesbian, and bisexual people serving either legislatively or through the courts initially proved unsuccessful.The LGBT Military Index is an index created by The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies that uses 19 indicative policies and best practices to rank over 100 countries on the inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender service members in the armed forces.Countries with higher rankings, especially the ones at the top, stand out for their multiple concerted efforts to promote the inclusion of gay and lesbian soldiers.He joined Washington's army at Valley Forge in February 1778 accompanied by two young aides.Steuben became an American general, and a senior advisor to Washington.