, depicted on the Inca Holy of Holies, raises a host of questions.
The first obvious one is, How - how did the Incas come to know these tales, not just in the general manner in which they have become known universally (the creation of the first couple, the Deluge), but in a manner that follows the including knowledge of the complete Solar System and the orbit of Nibiru? In the absence of written records as one finds in the ancient Near East, the choice of an answer depends to some extent on how one answers another question: Who, indeed, were the Incas?
Ever since José de Acosta's prescient speculation, in 1590, that Native Americans were descended from “savage hunters” who had followed game animals across a land bridge from northeastern Asia into northwestern America (Acosta 1604), most serious scholars have assumed that this was the migration route.
The main point of dispute has been the date when the ancestral Asians made the crossing.
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Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology.
Regional Syntheses of Palaeoecological Studies of Lakes and Mires in Europe.
And on the Eve of the Day of Atonement, a priest had to sacrifice a "sin-goat" in the desert....
After many nineteenth-century claims of the discovery of stone tools or bones of “early man” failed to withstand scientific scrutiny, a conservative reaction set in, embodied by the hyper-skeptical Aleš Hrdlička of the Smithsonian Institution.
Hrdlička dismissed all claims of a human presence in the Americas prior to about 5000 years ago.
Arthur Posnansky enjoys a rather ambiguous status in contemporary Bolivian archaeology.
On the one hand, he is hailed as the father of the South American nation’s archaeological pedagogy.