For Classwork and Taking Tests Teachers can…• Provide extra time for reading and writing.• Provide different ways to respond, like saying the answers, having larger spaces for writing, or circling an answer instead of filling in the blank.• Hand out letter and number strips for students to look at so they can see how to write correctly.• Provide sentence starters that show how to begin a written response.• Show examples of work that is correct to serve as a model.• Arrange worksheet problems from easiest to hardest.• Allow understanding to be demonstrated in different ways (oral reports, video presentations, posters, etc.).
Students can…• Use a text reader (like a Reading Pen or text-to-speech software).• Partner up to study—one person writes while the other speaks, or they share the writing.
The i Pad or i Pod has apps that can read printed materials to the student.
Also the word chalkboard is used often and most schools do not utilize chalkboards anymore. Also typing devices like an alpha smart or i Pad will help with writing assignments.
Enid Weiner, MSW, Ed D I coordinate the Psychiatric Dis/Abilities Program at York University in Toronto.
However, by trying to incorporate various methods into your teaching, you may be able to reach the majority of your students.Keep in mind that the accommodations listed here aren’t theonly ones available. For Materials• Get audiobooks through service like Bookshare, a free online library for students with disabilities.• Provide pictures of directions and schedules.• Use large-print text for worksheets.• Simplify directions with key words for most important ideas.• Provide colored strips or bookmarks to follow along when reading.For Teaching Techniques• Give step-by-step instruction (oral and written).• Repeat directions, then check to see if students understand.• Stick to consistent daily routines.• Use small group teaching.• Provide notes from the lesson, or organizers to fill in and follow along during the lesson.• Review skills daily.• Pre-teach new and important concepts.I am a fourth-grade regular education teacher and recently a student was placed in my class who has cerebral palsy and uses a wheelchair.She has an aide with her but I have never had a student with cerebral palsy before and the only thing I know about her is what I learned during a twenty-minute meeting with her parents and the school psychologist. This is not an uncommon situation in today’s schools.